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Medical Tourism: Social and Ethical Concerns,
Natalie Achamallah, Jessica Nishiguchi, Shahriar Reza Rajaee, Maya Srinivasan and Dr. Julia Borovay University of Southern California Medical tourism, the practice of traveling across international borders for health care, is a rapidly rising phenomenon with serious ethical and economic ramifications for developing nations. Currently, medical tourism is an important industry in developing countries such as India, Malaysia, and Thailand, which provide first-rate medical care, including surgery, cosmetic procedures, and reproductive services, at third-world prices. While medical tourism is an attractive alternative for cost-concerned patients willing to travel, it is clear that the long-term negative impact in developing countries will be substantial. The potential negative effects of medical tourism are twofold: (1) deteriorating access to health care in developing countries, and (2) ethical concerns. Accommodating the rising number of foreign patients limits access to health care for native populations, as medical professionals may be diverted to serving wealthier foreign patients. Another concern is the potential consequences of the illegal marketing of organs and tissues. As interest in medical tourism increases, it is imperative that patients, physicians, and healthcare workers alike weigh the socioeconomic and ethical costs of globalization in order to anticipate the potential impact of medical tourism.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Redefined: How the Sixth Level, Self-transcendence, Can Enrich Organi
Abraham Maslow, founder of humanistic psychology, developed the classic five level hierarchy of needs pyramid explaining human motivation. It is especially his identification of higher order needs such as self-actualization, self-esteem, and motivation that have played a major role in the development of managers and leadership, giving him the title of \"Father of Modern Management and Leadership\". Based on Maslow's theory, the focus of the multitude of programs on personal development and motivation is on the desire of individuals to actualize and fulfil their personal potential. This focus places the individual on a narrow and intense path toward personal success. Before Maslow died however, he identified a sixth (and highest) level of need, self-transcendence, which goes beyond individual needs. At the sixth level, people view the world and their purpose in it on a more global scale. Self-transcendent leaders are characterized by a common purpose, a global perspective, and joint responsibility for the fate of the whole organization; they identify with something greater than the individual self, engaging in selfless service to others. This paper examines the enriching implications of Maslow's previously neglected level of self-transcendence can have on organization culture, management style, and leadership development. (By: Dr. Henry Venter Associate Professor, Program Lead Faculty for Bachelor of Sciences in Organizational Behavior, Department of Psychology, National University )
Playing with the Postmodern: Picture Books for Multiliteracies
Students need literacy skills to match their knowledge environments. UNESCO (2003) framed its Literacy Decade positioning literacy as a freedom beyond reading and writing, to include capacities for communication and equal participation in the world. This recognizes multiliteracies (New London Group, 1996) and a knowledge paradigm of multi-modal, constantly shifting, non-linear communication, especially in digital form, that has shifted how we understand literacy. Literacy development today must focus on active engagement with the semiotics of narrative; our students can no longer consume information but must actively shape knowledge. To do this, they need a high metacognition of information and narrative conventions, and an awareness of information plurality and malleability to confidently participate in interpreting, selecting and designing meaning. Postmodern picture books are very useful in K-12 literacy and cross-curricula applications. Meta-fictive, hyperlinked, open narratives with multiple interpretations necessarily constructed by the viewer define postmodern picture books (Anstey, 2002; Dresang, 1999; Goldstone, 2004; Serafini, 2005) making them relevant and effective resources for this purpose. Jon Scieszka & Lane Smith's The Stinky Cheese Man, David Weisner's The Three Pigs, Pat Hutchins Rosie's Walk, among others, foreground meaning making processes, and the inter-textual nature of reading and writing. They are also at once appealing to reluctant readers while sophisticated enough to challenge students at different levels, motivating and engaging them in understanding narrative and information design conventions to increase mastery of literacy skills needed for both print and digital knowledge spaces. Activities for using postmodern picture books are available upon request
"The Nexus of Sociology, Economics, and Digital Technology"
In their book Empire Hart and Negri argue that the new "apparatus of rule" is "decentered" and "deterritorialised." Traditional notions of the imperial state that has in place power structures and political strategies to exert control in favor of a new global order where no nation is rejected -- the state is no longer the center of the imperialist project; rather we see the emergence of new sovereignty composed of a series of national and supranational organisms with interlocking regulatory frameworks which create this transnational figure of "Empire." This paper argues that the role of digital technology and its concomitant ideologies offer a lens through which the narrative of global capitalism can be examined and better understood. Rather than see the rise of economic and social globalization as the natural progeny of a rampant and inevitable capitalism, we argue that the evolving norms, roles and statuses of the 21st century are creating a new elite we label the Digital Suzerainty. Not unlike the transition from the Agricultural era to the Industrial age we are experiencing "mostly" an unfettered revolution in digital technologies that beg the questions of the role of innovation, who controls it and to whom its benefits are consigned. Again, and not unlike the farmers and merchants who were the ascendants of modern capitalism, today's innovators may or may not yet find a place at the table. Rather the shadow elites, as they have been called, find ways to encourage the true innovators to relinquish their rights of ascendancy in the social hierarchy and are thus replaced or find their powers usurped by tradition and custom much the way early entrepreneurs did. Hypotheses are offered that postulate if, how, when and why these outcomes may result in possible alternative futures for society.
Non-Edible Lignocellulosic Refuse as Feedstock for Microbial Production of Bioethanol
The use of renewable energy sources has become a major tool for sustainability to meet the global energy demand and to mitigate green house gas emissions. Hybrid technologies are on the way of development with climate change posing a challenge to energy-intensive industrial sector. Conversion of biomass to biofuel, an environmental friendly substitute to fossil fuels, offers lucrative bionics for the reduction of carbon footprints and earning of carbon credits. This study deals with the conversion of non-edible lignocellulosic refuse like peels of potato, banana and oranges to ethanol using a combination of physical, chemical and biological methods. The refuse were studied for their physical properties particularly for free sugar and moisture content which was important in determination of extent of conversion and the process economics. Physical treatment mainly included reduction in the particle size of biomass and brief exposure to high temperature, chemical treatment included hydrolysis with dilute acid and alkali and biological treatment included hydrolysis of the waste with combination of lignocellulolytic enzymes like α- amylase, glucoamylase, cellulose, xylanase and pectinase. Saccharification upto 92%, 79% and 65% was observed for potato, banana and orange peels respectively with mild chemical treatment followed by enzymatic degradation. The saccharified substrate was subjected to microbial fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the production of ethanol. 46% sugar in potato peel hydrolysate was converted to ethanol, whereas 49.9% conversion was seen in case of banana and 50% in case of orange peel hydrolysate. The extent of saccharification and ethanol production demonstrated in this study can be further improved with multivariate statistical modeling which will aid in making the process economically more feasible allowing its scale-up for commercial fuel production. (By: Kanishk Abhinav, G. Joshi, R. Patel, A. Deshmukh, Arvind Bhushan, S. Singh, A. Maurya, A. Salagare, S. Pathak, S. Pawar, N.N. Nawani and G.D. Tandon from Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute) Department of Industrial Biotechnology and Microbiology, Dr. D.Y. Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Insitute, Pune, India
Designing Thermally Comfortable Outdoor Spaces
This research identifies the thermal conditions during summer in an outdoor space of a mosque located in the hot arid region of Phoenix and attempts to modify those conditions via passive strategies. Increasing the opportunity to use the outdoor space more often will decrease the demand on the indoor space that utilizes active methods to reach levels of human thermal comfort, thus conserving energy. Current thermal conditions on a summer day at selected locations in the outdoor space during Muslims five daily prayers are estimated by calculating the predicted mean vote (PMV). This takes into consideration the corrected effective temperature that adds the effect of the long wave radiant heat emitted from the surfaces surrounding our bodies to the effect of the ambient conditions. Results indicated that thermal conditions require adjustment mainly during the two daytime prayers. A design that incorporates passive strategies is proposed and the modifed predicted mean vote (PMV) is calculated. As a result, adaptive strategies are necessary to reach optimum levels of thermal comfort as they help adjust and protect thermal conditions in the space during daytime prayers while expose it to ambient conditions during nighttime prayers. (By: Omar Dhia Al-Hassawi: Graduate Student, College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, University of Arizona)
Transformative Learning: Ideas and Strategies
Professor Sandy Hellyer-Riggs, Ball State University, USA Professor Larry Riggs, Butler University, USA What is transformative learning? How can transformative learning be accomplished in the college-level classroom? Examples from two content areas and two university campuses are given along with strategies for achieving transformative learning results among your students.
Toya Downs
Toya Downs talks about Scholar, a revolutionary tool for teaching writing. For more information, visit info.cgscholar.com.
Using Geographical Information Systems to Evaluate the Obesity Epidemic
One-third of U.S. adults are obese, and obesity-related medical costs are estimated at $147 billion annually. The built environment is one critical factor influencing U.S. obesity rates. Specifically, the lack of sidewalks, parks/playgrounds, recreational facilities, adequate public transportation, and local grocery stores carrying healthy food are elements that should be considered when assessing community obesity rates. Therefore, the purpose of this inquiry was to demonstrate the utilization of geographic information systems (GIS) to discuss obesity risk factors in relation to the built environment of Dallas, Texas (TX). Dallas was chosen as the area of focus for this urban assessment because it is considered America's fourth "fattest" city and usable shapefiles were available for map creation. GIS was used to create maps to examine neighborhood disparities thought to be risk factors in Dallas obesity rates. Five different maps were created and included: Dallas location in TX; racial dot density; geographic distribution of public schools; higher education institutions; public recreation and parks; grocery stores and super centers; and hospitals. These maps show diverse perspectives of the contributing factors to health disparities such as obesity including population risk factors and the effects of the built environment. Existing maps of school rankings based on state standardized scores and chain grocery stores within one mile for Dallas County census block groups were used for comparison. Resultant GIS maps revealed that the southern regions of Dallas contained many risk factors for obesity including minority ethnicity, low socioeconomic status, as well as decreased access to hospitals, healthy foods and recreational activities. (By: Prof. Robin White Assistant Professor (Ohio Northern), PhD student in Nursing-Urban Sustainability: Health (UNLV); Ipuna Estavillo Black, PhD student in Nursing-Urban Sustainability: Health (UNLV); Shanna Keele, PhD student in Nursing-Urban Sustainability: Health (UNLV))
Thermochromic Filters Effect on Static Light
Is it possible to change the environment light without changing or act in the light source? Smart textiles materials and new technologies open the possibility to introduce dynamic behaviours to elements that use to be static. Using the ability of Colour Change Materials to answer to external stimulus, this paper studies how colour variation of textile samples, treated with reversible thermochromic pigments, filter the artificial light intensity that go by (pass) through it. In this work a set of screen printing samples have been developed in which have been applied thermochromic pigments or a mixture of thermochromic and common pigments. Differences in light transmission are measured and correlated with the different processes employed, an overlapping of layers of different pigments or only one layer with a mixture of both types of pigments, in such way to get similar colour when activated. The results indicate that a sample activated by heat may achieve different light intensity transmitted, in terms of luminosity (dark colours absorb more than light colours) and according with the requirement of the pigments to absorb light to get colour. (By: Isabel Cabral: PhD Student, Department of Textile Engineering School of Engineering, University of Minho and Prof. António Pedro Souto: Auxiliary Professor, Department of Textile Engineering School of Engineering, University of Minho)
Kandinsky's Effect: Reflections on Synesthetic Lesson in Abstraction
When Wassily Kandinsky introduced his theory in art composition in the 1920s, his method of abstraction was perceived as objective and universal resulting in a learned language believed to be able to communicate universally. As historians have asserted that Kandinsky's theory was influenced by his genuine synesthesia experience, the method can also be viewed as subjective. Therefore, objective teaching and critique of abstraction often raises controversies due to the perceived universal quality. In this light, this paper proposes a quasi-experimental study based on a small cross-modality experiment conducted by Kandinsky in order to gain insight understanding in abstraction lesson design. In this study, 30 students are randomly divided into two groups, one with single-modality method of learning another with synesthetic or cross-modality method of learning based on Kandinsky's synesthetic paintings. In the cross-modality method, students immerse themselves into the paintings by creating sound samples from percussion instruments, which are then blindly assigned to other students in the same group to compose three dimensional models that best depict the sound samples. Findings are presented in a narrative amalgamation in order to provide an understanding in advantages and disadvantages of single-modality method (objective-based lesson) and cross-modality method (subjective-based, synesthetic lesson) in abstraction. (By: Chutarat Laomanacharoen, Assumption University)
Intuitive Spiritual Awareness: Universal Consciousness and Divinity
When man discovered his own self a strong acquisitive impulse turned inwards, seeking a super bliss, which became Supreme Goal of Life. Spirituality becomes the source of inspiration or orientation in life. Spiritual practices, including meditation, prayer and contemplation, are intended to develop an individual\'s inner life. Spirituality is seen as a path: a higher state of awareness, perfection of one\'s own being, wisdom, or communion with GOD or with creation. Spirituality aims both at inner growth and outward manifestations of this growth leading to intuitive awareness. Intuitive Awareness cannot be understood by the limited three dimensional scopes of the physical senses. It is possible when hidden inner senses are rendered kinetic by meditation. It is the brain that projects the mind, the self and the very sense of being. The quality of awareness (consciousness) depends on the quality of the mind; and the quality of the mind depends on the emotional (love) and physical quality of the brain. All mind power comes from the brain that is developed to its highest potential. All mental properties are physical but mystical universal consciousness can never be actually experienced by the conceptual mind. It needs help from the cognitive mind to interpret an experience. The mind is a physic reality located outside the hemispheres of brain. It is the soul that manifests through the body and mind. Intelligence and cognition are the faculties of the soul and its media of expression of the consciousness. Enlightened mind has direct experiences with new reality. This paper is an effort to shower some light on intuitive spiritual awareness and perception of reality via inner senses. Spirituality will be understood using spiral dynamics, quantum reality and cognition. (By: Richa Satsangi Student, Dayalabagh Deemed University )
Design Research in a Non-Linear World
The research process is no longer linear. The widespread and decentralized availability of data, and the ability of a new generation of Design Researchers to manage and utilize this content, has lead to a new way of conducting research. Those of us entering the profession today are part of the generation known as Digital Natives, born from approximately 1980 to 2000 — a generation that came of age immersed in information and user-generated content. We see the boundaries between disciplines as fluid and we adopt processes grounded in diverse disciplines, from anthropology and sociology to design and business. Spurred by its newest practitioners, design research has evolved to take on a holistic approach that exploits the convergence of the equally important analog and digital worlds and examines the way in which this interplay can influence how we conduct research. Like the content itself, the way people continuously process, gather, analyze and communicate information has also adapted. It is dynamic, ever-changing, agile, and never finished. Traditional social science research processes still play a very critical role in how we conduct research. We are not changing the intention of research, but re-framing the way it's being done by harnessing today's ubiquitous data, tools and social behaviors. This paper addresses the evolving tools and techniques that Digital Natives bring to the discipline and what this shift means for traditional processes in design, strategy and business. We outline strategies for exploiting an abundance of content, dealing with ambiguity to create meaning, and taking advantage of the ongoing multi-directional conversation that technology enables. (By: Erin Mariel Mays and Cynthia Kossayan from Stuart Karten Design)
Understanding New Literacies for New Times: Pedagogy in Action
The challenges associated with the emergence of new literacies within the 21st Century Standards and constructing environments in the classroom that address students life experiences outside the school is a daunting task for teachers. This virtual presentation will highlight the practices of one middle school and one second grade teacher who are engaging children in literacy practices that includes digital media and online environments. The examples shared in this virtual presentation include the use of blogging in Writers' Workshop and constructing digital stories. It is critical that teachers begin to align their teaching with what students are experiencing in their lives outside the school. Luke (1998, p 305) states students "already face and live in the complexities of New Times: a globalized economy, the emergence of new hybrid forms of identities, and new technologies that are transforming traditional print." Therefore, teachers need to be able to help students to know how to critically analyse texts and produce texts in all the various forms in order to gain literate competence for a rapidly changing work place. Students now engage in reading that is more than the ability to decode and comprehend print as we have known it, and they are involved in a variety of texts that include digital media and online environments. When teachers can draw upon these out of school literacies and use them within the classroom context, they have opportunities to engage students in exploring diverse cultures, multimedia, visual images, and the negotiation of multiple discourses and identities.
Knowmatics: A New Revolution in Higher Education
Mathew's Theories of Knowledge consist of the two basic theories in knowledge consumption and production formulated by Mathew in 1984, were published in Moscow by the USSR Academy of Sciences. Now they have emerged as a new field for doctoral research on skill acquisition, scientific productivity, and IT application in addition to applications in linguistics and learning. In 2005, Mathew proposed two post-IT disciplines: Knowmatics and Knowledge Technology so as to bring the universe of knowledge scattered into hundreds of domains and millions of books into a unified common digital system so as to make reliable and specific knowledge modules accessible to anybody at any time and thereby making the creation and delivery of knowledge products and services as the biggest industry. Knowledge industries are going to revolutionise the entire concept of education,especially higher education, professional services and scientific research, quite unimaginable within the framework of Information Technology. They are based on the propositions that there exists a common structure for all domains of knowledge and each domain consists of thousands of knowledge modules.The structure of knowledge is non-linear and dynamic. Information Technology is founded on algorithms based on linear and static data structure and hence IT could not enter in the world of knowledge but only data. (By: Prof. Dr. Raju M. Mathew, International Forum for Knowmatics & Knowledge Technology (IFKT) and Ranjit Raju Mathew, Chase Consultancy )
Barriers Contributing to Health Disparities Among Latinos in the United States
Increasing ethnic diversity in the United States brings new challenges to many fields, including public health. Health care is a salient issue for many Americans, yet many ethnic minorities, immigrants, and people of low socio-economic status are unable to receive appropriate health care for many reasons. Latinos, for example, incur challenges related to health insurance, geographic location, language and communication, and immigration status. In fact, Latinos have the highest rates of uninsured people among all racial or ethnic groups in the U.S., a rate three times higher than that of the non-Hispanic White population. This review of literature examines research concerning these barriers to health care for Latinos living in the U.S. Policy makers should evaluate these barriers when addressing methods to remedy public health issues for this population. (By: Prof. Ahmed YoussefAgha, Cara Maffini, Dr. Wasantha Jayawardene, Elizabeth Perez-Medina, and Prof. Mohammad Torabi from Indiana University)
Human Rights-based Sustainable Development: A Practical and Theoretical Reflection on the Strategic
As sustainability is linked to social responsibility, sustainable development is inherently linked to human rights. The social, economic, cultural and environmental struggles among indigenous communities of Chiapas, Mexico, speak of the centrality of human rights in achieving sustainable development. This paper addresses the theoretical and practical implication that human rights have if placed at the center of sustainable development models. Through an examination of the Sustain-Able Chiapas Program (among Maya and Zapatista communities) and the insights of Dr. Alfredo Sfeir Younis (the first environmental economist of the World Bank) the paper offers innovative insights into a right-based model for achieving sustainable societies in the Global South. The model, emerging from the lessons of Chiapas, offers new insights in the discussion of the pillars of sustainability, and an integrated model emerging from the natural law into an interdependent and interconnected global village. As the right-based approach to development has been gaining importance in the field of international development, the human right-based approach to sustainable development can be central to inspire a process that is not just based on responsibilities, but also economic, social, environmental (human) rights. (By: Marco Tavanti, [email protected]: Associate Professor, School of Public Service, DePaul University)
El Tiempo Cinematográfico: Un Análisis de los Fundamentos Óntico-temporales de la Comunicación
A comienzos de la década de los 80, el filósofo Gilles Deleuze aplicó la teoría de la imagen de Bergson expuesta en Materia y Memoria (1896) a la imagen cinematográfica con la intención de desarrollar nuevas herramientas conceptuales que, a través de un análisis de la historia del cine, permitieran poder delinear mejor tanto la relación cognoscitiva más allá de los presupuestos de sujeto-objeto, como una teoría de la comunicación pre-verbal no estructuralizada fonéticamente que superara definitivamente la concepción lacaniana del lenguaje. Si bien dichos análisis pueden ser vistos también como el establecimiento de unos principios alternativos a las teorías del montaje tanto de Vertov como de Eizenshtéin, el interés primario de nuestro paper se centrará en la redefinición de las categorías espacio-temporales que conlleva esta nueva teoría del cine esgrimida por Deleuze. Concretamente analizaremos cómo la nueva tecnología cinematográfica, especialmente en su desarrollo europeo de la segunda postguerra (Godard, Fellini, Syberberg, Tarkovski) supone una comprensión temporal por completo ajena a cualquier comprensión de causalidad lineal, teleológica o no, de corte cronológico. En su lugar, el cine en tanto que medio de comunicación propio del mundo metropolitano contemporáneo emplea unas categorías temporales más cercanas a conceptos como "acontecimiento" o "haecceitas", que en algunos puntos lo acercan a la concepción del tiempo desarrollada por Walter Benjamin, pero que por otro lo relacionan directamente con formas aiónicas del mismo ya estudiadas por Deleuze en la década de los 60, y aplicadas al estudio del dadaísmo en la de los 70. (By: \\Ph. D. Jorge León Investigador en Proyecto del Ministerio, Teoría e Historia de la Arquitectura Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura, Universidad de Navarra)
The Blank History of the Blank Book
Blank books, or bound record-keeping structures, have always had separate traditions within the bookbinding craft. These traditions are not always well documented in histories of the book, or in manuals of bookbinding. Examining the material culture of blank book bindings can reveal how manuscript traditions carried on far beyond the advent of print. Scholars have begun to look at how record-keeping traditions helped shape ways of thinking, This paper will introduce the bibliography of the blank book, and describe the sorts of questions blank books can answer. Material from Harvard's Baker Library 'Medici and Barbarini Account Book Collection', and the various blank books of craftspeople and merchants held at the Winterthur Library in Delaware will both inform this presentation. (By: Consuela Metzger: Conservator of Library Collections, Conservation, Winterthur Museum)
Estrategias para lograr el desarrollo sostenible enfocado hacia problemas sociales y ambientales
Ponencia XV Congreso Internacional de Sostenibilidad Medioambiental, Cultural, Económica y Social, 17-19 de enero, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canadá Autora: Luz Dary González Cortés
The Ethnicity of Breast Cancer: Cultural Discrepancies in Diagnosis and Treatment Decision
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among American women, yet despite its substantial impact, disparities exist among women of differing ethnic backgrounds in diagnosis and treatment decisions; culture plays a critical role in the breast cancer experience of women of Latina, Caucasian, and African-American descent. African-American and Latina women are more likely than Caucasian women to be under-diagnosed at an early age and to be diagnosed with breast cancer at a later stage, while Latina and African-American women are less likely than Caucasian women to choose more aggressive forms of treatment. Discrepancies in diagnosis may be the result of cultural factors in access to healthcare, quality of healthcare, or adequacy and availability of information on breast cancer. Disparities in physician-patient relationships and the role of family in making medical decisions affect a patient's choice for treatment, and are prominent reasons for the variance in treatment decisions observed across ethnic groups and the corresponding differences in mortality rates. Several studies examining ethnic differences and factors in breast cancer diagnosis and treatment were reviewed. The results of this review indicate a need to account for cultural factors in the breast healthcare of women; such factors significantly affect the experiences of women of differing ethnic groups with breast cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Evaluating Outcomes of New Media-Based Public Health Programs
A 2009 survey of professionals from a variety of industries shows that while 86% of those polled have adopted social technologies, only 16% of them said they currently measured ROI (Return On Investment) for their social media programs (Mzinga and Babson Executive Education, September 8, 2009). These data are particularly significant within the public health and non-profit settings where measurement should be always emphasized in light of limited resources and conflicting priorities. In recent times, health organizations increasingly use or seek to use new media as part of larger public health communication interventions and/or organizational communication efforts intended for a variety of lay and professional audiences. Within this context, emerging evaluation trends and strategies point to the importance of assessing the impact of new/social media on changes in awareness, knowledge, and - most importantly - individual, community and/or social behaviors that would contribute to improving public health outcomes and to advancing health equity. As with other health communication areas, the importance of a rigorous evaluation process is increasingly emphasized by donors, program stakeholders, and leading organizations. Readers/participants in this virtual presentation would be able to: Discuss why it\'s important to measure (in addition to satisfying donor\'s requirements) Discuss current trends, evaluation types and models List evaluation tools used for new media-based interventions Discuss best practices and issues with data collection Understand best use and emerging trends in new media use Be aware of practical examples and resources (By: Dr. Renata Schiavo, CUNY School of Public Health at Hunter College; Strategic Communication Resources; and New York University)
Critical Public Pedagogy: Using Museum Archival Material to Promote Emancipatory Learning
Participants in this workshop will learn a variety of techniques for incorporating critical analysis and ideology critique into their work as museum educators and docents. We view museums as sites of public pedagogy and potential emancipatory learning. Public pedagogy may include popular culture (i.e. movies, television programs, music, the Internet, sports), everyday life (i.e. parenting, social groups, shopping), public spaces (i.e. museums, libraries, archives, community art installations, parks, tourist sites), dominant discourses (i.e. public policy, neoliberalism / conservatism, global capitalism, environmentalism), public intellectualism, and social activism (grassroots organizations, social movements, public protests). These public pedagogical spaces offer adults the kind of visceral and emotionally charged educational experiences that can provide opportunities to critically analyze formal educational (and hegemonic) messages. What better venue for challenging dominant neoliberal discourses than museum archives? As places of public pedagogy, museums offer sites for informal yet powerful learning. Museum educators create learning environments that encourage adult learners to engage with stories / narratives that often disrupt commonly held, socially constructed assumptions. Primary sources in film, image, and text combine with museum objects to offer immersive experiences for learners, whether in situ, in exhibit space, or through special programs. This workshop offers museum educators opportunities to engage with primary source materials that will enhance learning environments, broaden the appeal of exhibits, and enrich programs created for museum visitors. Participants will learn new approaches to engaging with primary source materials in order to foster emancipatory learning within the framework of critical public pedagogy. (By: Dr. Robin Redmon Wright Assistant Professor of Adult Education, School of Behavioral Sciences and Education, Penn State University and Dr. Edward Taylor Professor of Adult Education, Behavioral Sciences and Education, Penn State University )
The Mystical Mind: The Philosophical and Psychological Significance of Mystical Experiences
At the heart of every religion lies the ineffable experience of a lone individual. These mystical experiences have then become the cornerstone upon which the rest of the religion is built. But modern day religion has replaced these direct, unmediated, experiences in favor of abstractions and empty rituals. Mystical experiences, stigmatized by many as nothing more than a peculiar form of pathology, are often dismissed by academics and lay persons alike as being trivial, irrelevant, or spurious. I hope to show that mystical experiences, in fact, hold much relevance in our lives by directly impacting our philosophical and psychological rectitude. Mystical experiences represent the highest states of consciousness possibly achievable, analogous to the way an Olympic runner represents the highest fulfillment of the potential that lies within each ordinary runner. These higher states of consciousness bring into question traditional views on epistemology and consciousness. Integrating the philosophy of William James, the psychology of Abraham Maslow and Andrew Weil, the anthropological research of John J. McGraw, the myriad of scientific studies by institutions such as Harvard, UCLA, Johns Hopkins, etc., and the insights of various others, I hope to convince you of the interdisciplinary importance of mystical experiences. (By: Michael Dieciuc, Chicago IL)
Classroom Teacher Challenges for Managing Physical Activity: Reduce Sedentary Behavior with Structu
Children face an absolutely different learning environment from kindergarten to primary school. It is beyond belief that the dominant model for formal learning is still sit and get/instructions. Classroom teachers believed that thinking was thinking and movement was movement. There are strong connection between physical education, movement, breaks, recess, energizing activities, and improved cognition. Movement can be a cognitive strategy to strengthen learning, improve memory and retrieval and enhance learner motivation. This study investigated sedentary behavior in first grade primary school. Is it caused by the teacher\'s management of the class, or by the natural behavior of the students? The study also investigated the possibility to embed physical activity into integrated learning for first grade primary school. Design: observation through scheme of observation physical activity level. Setting: purposive selection of high-rated independent and low-rated public primary schools from a district East Jakarta, Jakarta Capital City, Indonesia. Method: a qualitative approach was used, incorporating an observation guideline used for random sampling and a questionaire for teacher. Results: children have a tendency to always be active. The classroom teachers did not actively engaged in a structured program, so that children tend to move without restraint. About 25% children, who have sedentary behaviors, will tend to sit quietly throughout the school day. Conclusion: a need of embedded structured physical activity program into integrated learning for 1st grade primary class. (By: Eva Yulianti Lecturer, Physical Education Department Sport Science Faculty, State University of Jakarta and Prof. Mulyana Director of Research Centre, UNJ )
A Teacher Diary Study to Apply Ancient Art of War Strategies to Professional Development
The Art of War, an ancient Chinese military classic by Master Sun Tzu, remains decidedly relevant in our contemporary world, due to its Taoist-based principles aimed at conflict resolution. The 'battle ground' for educators is one which relies on negotiation, conflict resolution and problem solving, but not confrontation. A core principle of The Art of War is candid self-knowledge. Undertaking a teacher diary study based on The Art of War was helpful in bridging the gap between an aesthetic understanding of this classic and its practical application to the challenges I face as an educator.
Prenatal Practices among Various Cultures in the United States: How Acculturation May be Detrimental
USC Keck School of Medicine. Literature review by: Farrell Tobolowsky, Jonathan Baik, Antonio Jose Escobar, Karissa Nguyen, Mehgan Teherani, Dr. Julia Borovay. Summary: Immigrants to the United States differ in the degree to which they adhere to their traditional prenatal diet as they assimilate into the general American population. Prenatal care in the United States often emphasizes a recommended diet in addition to prenatal vitamins. Previous studies have shown that traditional ethnic dietary practices as well as social support systems can have positive effects on infant birth outcomes as measured by birth weights. Hispanic and Asian women immigrants to the U.S. who sustain culturally traditional practices, such as diet, tend to have lower rates of low birth-weight infants. Hispanic culture emphasizes a nutritious natural diet consisting of low-fat and high-protein homemade meals, and women who restrict food intake during pregnancy are often criticized. Many Asian Americans follow health practices based on the "hot-cold" belief system, which imputes innate metaphysical properties to substances, including food, that must be kept in balance for optimal health; during pregnancy, a balance of hot and cold foods is believed to prevent difficult labor. In addition to diet, social support in both cultures was often indicated to have an important impact on the health of mothers and infants. These findings suggest that sustaining and encouraging cultural dietary practices during pregnancy can lead to positive birth outcomes when implemented within a strong social network.
Prospects for the Trans-Atlantic Relationship in the Twenty First Century
International relations and international society have significantly changed in the last 25 years. The end of the Cold War marks a milestone and obliges us to shape a new paradigm to understand the world order; a new paradigm which can be defined economically by the advent of globalization, sociologically by the revolution of technologies, and politically by the absence of traditional threats and the outburst of the "war on terror". Actually, during the second half of the 20th century, the USA and Western Europe have had "a common enemy" to fight, communism. After the failure of the European Defense Community and the incapacity of European States to be autonomous on military terms, the North Atlantic Organization held its dominance by ruling security and providing for the military needs of Western civilization. With the fall of the Berlin wall and the emergence of new powers, the world has stopped being bipolar and has offered a more fragmented or diffused side facing the challenges of the 21st century. Europe and the USA must improve and develop the necessary tools and strategies in order to respond to these goals effectively. Certainly Barack Obama has declared that the US has no better partner than Europe. Acting together, the European Union and the United States can be a formidable force for good in the world. The following paper analyzes the evolution of the US - Europe strategic partnership since its formal establishment paying special attention to current challenges. Our work casts light on the origins and grounds of the relationship, examines key documents and the institutional framework, and emphasizes tools and strategies developed. Finally, the paper argues that the basis of a strong partnership lies in a European Union able to become a global player and proposes a cooperative model with NATO. (By: Dr. Leocadia Diaz Romero: Visiting Professor, Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University)
The Impact of Crisis on the Sustainability of Cultural Consumption: The Case of Slovak Republic
The global economic crisis brought forward a new perspective on sustainability issues not only in view of sustainable development but also with regard to the sustainability of consumption. In our paper we focus in particular on cultural consumption and we explore the relationship between culture end economics in view of the possible impact of the crisis on this field. Our basic assumption is that the sustainability of cultural consumption is closely interlinked with the potential of culture to act as a regional development factor, which has been lately emphasised by numerous studies dealing with such issues as urban revitalization, job opportunities creation, elimination of social exclusion, enhancing attractiveness for tourism, etc. However, has this role of culture changed because of the crisis? Or should we just address cultural sustainability from a wider perspective encompassing a new post-crisis model of social and economic development? Based on our original research, assessing the role of cultural consumption in social life in Slovakia prior to the crisis and in the crisis period, we attempt to answer theses questions. (By: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Maria Tajtakova, National Centre for European and Global Studies of the Slovak Republic Bratislava; PhD. Štefan Žák, University of Economics in Bratislava and Dr. Peter Filo, University of Economics Bratislava)
Ancient Wisdom for a New World: Revisiting Messages from the Past for a Better Future
Behind us lie many civilizations, some as intelligent, if not more intelligent, than our own, made up of diverse groups of people who held common stories of earth's regeneration. Many records of prehistoric worlds, along with knowledge of earth cycles that follow an astronomical precession, have been destroyed, lost, or misinterpreted—leaving us in need of a re-evaluation of human history on earth. What is left to us of prehistoric civilizations can be pieced into a reoccurring pattern, if we are willing to bring to bear all segments of our own society—science, astronomy, archeology, history, literature, theology, and more. A re-evaluation of our past, with inclusion of different cultures' diverse creation/destruction stories, would give us a broad perspective of a lost history that was heretofore hidden in plain sight, in ancient architecture, mythology, sacred writings, and apocalyptical symbolism. Our ancestors left us a message in stone and myth concerning reoccurring astronomical cycles that affect our planet and peoples; we must therefore waste no more time in preserving and maintaining that message, as well as utilizing it, not only to inform future generations, but also to break down prejudicial barriers caused by erroneous teachings, in order to effect true unity. This overview lights a rudimentary path to worlds behind us—including ancient and pre-ancient cosmologies that will culminate in 2012, with diverse accounts of our common mythologies and earth-cycle motifs—so that we may have a construct within which to build a truer history of humanity for new worlds to come. (By: Delilah Ferne O\'Haynes: Professor of English, Languages and Literature, Concord University )
Printing Poetry Out Loud and Objective Abstract Art
Hugh Walter Barclay is a book artist/letterpress printer, running Thee Hellbox Press. He comments on the current state of publishing poetry and describes his approach to these problems. He defines and shows examples of objective abstract art using five books. His 1890 press runs in the background to signify Guttenberg meeting Youtube.
Incorporating Technology in Teaching and Learning in the Caribbean Tertiary Classroom
Fariel Mohan, The University of Trinidad & Tobago This paper presents an investigation into incorporating technology in teaching and learning in the Caribbean classroom. In the classroom of the Caribbean schools, technology is not widely used. A school may have a computer lab but this is currently widely used to teach computer literacy. The main body of assessment in the Caribbean is Caribbean Examination Council (CXC) which bases its examination on three domains of Blooms Taxonomy of Learning which is knowledge, analysis and synthesis. This same general approach is used in the tertiary institution. At this level, a little more emphasis is placed on coursework assessment. Jones (1995) noted that learners must develop an intelligent partnership with the technology they use. In incorporating technology opens to a lot of academic issues as highlighted by Forte (2003) in identifying how new advances in technology are creating opportunities for cheating. In the Caribbean where the culture is education can bring one out of poverty or can bring status to the family, has developed a great desire to obtain education. This paper examines the effect of incorporating technology in the coursework assessment. The coursework assessment is then compared with the final written paper. The sample used was first year students at the University of Trinidad & Tobago. The course selected was Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming since coursework assessment is an integral part in the learning. Three samples were used. Then another course, a Mathematical course was used. The approach used was to shift so much focus on knowledge since it is readily available and to spend more emphasis on analysis and synthesis. Now that the student can easily obtain knowledge, the student has to develop the skill on analyzing that knowledge. When programming assignments were given, the students were encouraged to collaborate, research on the internet or any form to obtain the solution. Then the student had to analyse the solution and ensure that he understood what was submitted. The result of this experiment suggested a similarity between the coursework assessment and the final written examination. This relationship suggests that the coursework assessment is an early indicator of the student learning.
Survival Then, Survival Now: Alaska Native Games and Urban Youth
Alaska Native games celebrate ancient skills that were necessary for hunting survival. Feats of exceptional strength and coordination afforded both personal protection and assistance for the hunter in his mission to bring sustenance to his community. The protective and community-nurturing effects of these skills continue today in modern, urban environments where the skills are transmitted through unique, competitive games for Alaska Native youth. State-wide and international Native "Olympics" attest to the role of the skill games in Alaska Native pride. A recent forum for these games further underscored the multiple, subtle overlapping layers of identity, spirituality, cultural continuity, and community health involved with the ancient skills in modern form. This paper explores these layers and suggests the emergent importance of these skill games for modern urban Alaska Natives teens and communities. (By: Kristin Helweg Hanson, University of Alaska Anchorage and Sheila (Tusaagvik) Seetomona Randazzo, Sobermiut)
Ice Cycle: A Case Study in Thermo-Tectonic Performance
This paper presents a case study in building envelope design, the Ice Cycle House, as a practice-based response to the recent proposition made by Alejandro Zaera-Polo that"...previous theories of the building envelope have not been capable of directly relating the technical and physical properties of envelopes to their political, social and psychological effects..." This case study seeks to expand singularly technical definitions of building performance by re-designing two ubiquitous accessory building components - a domestic roof drain and roof vent - as interdependent parts of a dynamic, multi-faceted system. No longer treated as mono-functioning technical accessories, drainage and ventilation functions are here re-distributed and re-purposed to address a range of concerns from the envelope's "ice-damming" to its expressive facial effects. The latent environmental flux of ice's phase-change cycle is mobilized to conceptualize a strategy of integration that favors the effectiveness of the whole over the efficiencies of its parts. While the legacy of old notions of efficiency continue to render architecture's thermal and tectonic performance as a sign of its own technological production, this proposal offers a more responsive and sustainable interface between architecture and the larger material, energy, and human systems that constitute the constructed environment. (By: Matt Burgermaster, New Jersey Institute of Technology)
Food Stress and the Health of Immigrant Populations
Stephanie Bughi, Jennifer Haddad, Vanessa Josef, Michelle Lee, Jesse Tran, Sarah Young, Dr. Julia Borovay, and Joseph Miller University of Southern California, USA For many, America represents the land of opportunity, a land of aspirations for a better life and a promising future. Diaspora, the movement of an ethnic group from its land of origin to a new country, characterizes settlement patterns throughout the United States. The increase in globalization has produced a rapid influx of people from different cultures, leading to cultural conflicts, discrimination, language barriers, and isolation from social networks, ultimately triggering acculturative stress. Stress is a hallmark of the American way of life, and, at a qualitative level, the mechanisms contributing to stress affect the lives of recent immigrants to an even greater degree. Food stress, or overeating as a result of external pressures, plays a central role in the development of obesity, a disease that is responsible for the increased prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular illness (the well-known Metabolic Syndrome). Reducing the impact of food stress will decrease economic burdens of the host country. Improving cultural competency among health care providers and enhancing their understanding of the relation of food stress with acculturation, will strengthen the social support for newcomers. The Latin motto ubi bene ibi patria, where one is well off, there is his country, has applied in the past to immigrant groups throughout the world. We find that many immigrants in the United States, striving to make this country their home, nonetheless need the support of the global community to decrease food stress and its negative consequences.
Principles of Physical and Virtual Design: Attracting Potential Customers
Regarding to competitive atmosphere in marketing, shopping centres and e-shops should provide best value for their customers and opportunity of selling the products by attracting them. Considering environmental attraction is of high value in their operations. This article investigates some principles of physical and virtual design which may attract potential customers and boost sale and e-sale. A systematic review was used in this study. The study concluded that the design which achieves successful marketing results may be sensitive to the cultural meanings of colour, images, light and the environment in both physical and virtual design for the shop and e-shop to attract more targeted customers. (By: Hengameh Ahmadi Nezhad Head, Islamic Azad University and Dr Elham Fariborzi Islamic Azad University-Mashad Branch)
Landscape and Denial: Restoring Memory to Images of KZ Gusen
Simon Schama, in Landscape and Memory, writes, "Before it can ever be a repose for the senses, landscape is the work of the mind. Its scenery is built up as much from strata of memory as from layers of rock." What happens to landscape when constitutive testimonies have been excluded? How does this affect the history of a landscape if the memories are suppressed? Conversely, what effect does restoration of memory have on what can be seen in photographs and film? My research into the KZ Gusen camps as well as my co-authorship of the memoirs of Wiktor Kielick, a survivor from Czempin, Poland, required me to be familiar with the scene of Nazi crimes in Upper Austria, a landscape that had largely disappeared from the historical narrative. For decades, nearly 40,000 slave laborers' deaths in the quarries and underground Messerschmitt 262 factory associated with KZ Gusen I, II, and III were largely absent from histories of Nazi crimes, even from the displays at the Mauthausen Museum. The practice of suppressing of individual and collective memory of Gusen from the dominant narrative of KZ Mauthausen created gaps in the landscape. Even after the KZ Gusen Memorial' construction by French and Italian survivors in 1965, Gusen camp remnants remained invisible to all but the eye witnesses. In 1990 and 1996, this obscurity caused Professor Paul Jaskot (The Architecture of Oppression) to locate the Gusen quarry not with assistance from the Mauthausen Museum's exhibits or staff, but by using SS documents. The perpetrators' records defined the landscape and, therefore, memory. Rehabilitating the KZ Gusen landscape through dialogue between survivors, liberators and the local community did more than correct the historical record; reconstituted with memories, the landscape revealed itself to be more than "background" to known events, but evidence of the unknown. (By: Jan-Ruth Mills, Member, KZ Gusen Memorial Committee)
Exit Stage "Right": What Do Undergraduates in Instructional Technology Really Need to Know?
Leaunda Hemphill, Donna McCaw, Hoyet Hemphill Several years of undergraduate students' exit surveys in an Instructional Design and Technology Department report self-assessment on undergraduates entry level skills compared to exit level skills. These skills are compared to what employers are reporting nationally as required skills and to an analysis of employer job postings. For at least three years, undergraduate are asked to complete a survey as they prepare to graduate from a B.S. program in instructional design and technology. Generally, students show a marked increase in self-reported skills in specific technology skills. While employers occasionally request such skill, they tend to emphasize an understanding of the instructional design process and project management for instructional projects. Areas for program growth are discussed, including integration of technology into instructional design, working in teams toward project completion, and learning to interact and inform important stakeholder groups; such as clients, content experts, and learners/end-users. Directions and suggestions are provided for undergraduates in this field as we prepare them for professional roles in this rapidly changing field.
Restoring Biocultural Diversity: The Road to Language Health?
Ranka Bjeljac-Babic, in a 2000 article published in UNESCO's The Courier, noting that a 1992 Rio Earth Summit had attacked the problem of the world's shrinking biodiversity, proceeded to call for a "Rio summit to tackle languages". This Fourth Annual Global Studies Conference could provide that opportunity. "There is an inextricable link between cultural and biological diversity", proclaimed the International Society of Ethnobiology in the 1988 Declaration of Belém. The Terralingua organization has been instrumental in studying, and raising awareness of, biocultural diversity. It has developed an Index of Biocultural Diversity, an Index of Linguistic Diversity, and a Vitality Index of Traditional Environmental Knowledge. Data from these indicators can be used to determine the health of any biocultural community, such as that of the island of Rotuma in the South Pacific. Once known as "the garden of the Pacific" for its lush vegetation and heavy rainfall, and a favorite stopping place for early whaling expeditions, it is now experiencing deterioration of its coral reef; knowledge of the art of shipbuilding was lost years ago, and now the ability to fish inside and outside the reef appears to be about to meet the same end. At the same time, people are leaving the island in large numbers, and relocating in communities in mostly English-speaking nations of the Pacific and the Americas. Both reef and language/culture of Rotuma are being revitalized, in efforts to restore 19th century diversity to this island paradise. These links between the different types of diversity will be explored further in this presentation, with case studies demonstrating ongoing revitalization projects. (By: Dr. Marit Vamarasi: Professor, TESL/TEFL Department, Northeastern Illinois University )
Reframing Design Discourse: The 'First Wave' of Films on Visual Communication Design
Through the juxtaposition of image and typography visual communication designers play influential roles in shaping economic, social, political and cultural aspects of society. While the public interacts with varied forms of visual design on a daily basis, generally there is little awareness of the designer or process behind the designed artifact. It is largely accepted that the Artist — who exhibits in galleries and whose products are collected by museums and patrons alike — is typically connected and credited with the works that are produced. In contrast to artistic practice and despite its prevalence, visual communication design has been a seemingly ubiquitous and anonymous profession. The tides are changing as rapid advances in film and video technology broaden the scope of subject matter. The story of design, the designer and the role of design is being shared — and even reframed — through a recent proliferation of films. This 'First Wave' of films on design has significant implications: increasing awareness of an often overlooked and little understood profession and shedding light on those practicing design, their influences and ideology. This paper includes discussion of technology and the beginnings of this current wave, the varied formats of the films, methods of distribution, and potential implications for Design. (By: Hans Schellhas: Assistant Professor, Department of Visual Arts, Northern Kentucky University)
Job Satisfaction among Polish Primary Care Physicians: Results from the Physicians\' Health Study
Job satisfaction comprises individuals\' positive attitudes to work. Job satisfaction among physicians is closely related to their perception of their professional role and their place in the health care system. Job satisfaction is a very important issue for physicians themselves and for medical associations and the general public because it is associated with physicians\' well-being and health, and also with patient satisfaction and quality of medical care in general. Many physicians are satisfied not only with their profession, but also with the elements that make up the role carried out by them. A survey was conducted to identify demographic, personal and job related characteristics associated with work satisfaction in a sample of 520 Polish physicians working in primary health care. The respondents completed a 17-item questionnaire that measured five facets of work satisfaction. In general, physicians were more satisfied with the following aspects of their current work situation: patient care (the relations with patients, the quality of patients' care), professional relations with other doctors and non-medical staff, and personal rewards (opportunities for continuing medical education, intellectual stimulation). The lowest satisfaction scores were found for work related burden (workload, time available for family, friends or leisure, time spent on administrative tasks, the level of work related stress) as well as work related income and prestige of the profession. The relationships between various dimensions of job satisfaction were also explored across socio-demographic and job characteristics of the surveyed physicians. Physician job satisfaction appears to be a complex function of a number of variables and has multiple dimensions. (By: Katarzyna Lewtak MD Doctoral Student, Department of Social Communication, National Institute of Public Health, National Institute of Hygiene and Anna Pozna?ska Department -- Centre of Monitoring and Analysis of Population Health, National Institute of Publ)
Social Sciences: Scientific Research or Not? Part 2
Prof. François Pichette, Téluq / Université du Québec à Montréal Quebec City. The question of what constitutes science has been debated for a long time in philosophy of science, where some actors even consider the matter pointless (e.g., Auroux, 2000). However, increased regulations in research ethics in Canada have made the debate a concrete preoccupation. Research ethics regulators have had to define research (e.g., TCPS, 1998; 2010) and consequently, in the course of their work, ethics committees in Canadian universities are compelled to reflect on whether projects submitted to them represent scientific research. Citing real cases, this paper presents three types of projects in social sciences that appear not to meet commonly accepted criteria for scientificity, all the while representing a majority of the projects involving human participants examined by the author over the last five years. The typical pattern of a purely qualitative study based on a very small number of participants is described, highlighting the frequent absence of hypothesis testing, hypothesis generation, variables, or systematicity. The paper raises again the question of applicability and/or generalizability of data as a criterion for determining the scientific nature of projects. It also suggests that social sciences, like natural sciences, can be either scientific or not, if this determination is based not on the topic that is investigated but on the way researchers investigate it.
Juries and Their Understanding of Forensic Science: Are Jurors Equipped?
This presentation aims to review some of the possible pitfalls facing juries when expert, scientific evidence is presented in court, and also the pitfalls that may occur when such evidence is not led. Further consideration will be given to jurors\' understanding of scientific terminology, the value of expert opinion and whether the Internet or other forms of media are being used or consulted inappropriately by jurors. The use of social communication media such as Facebook, Twitter and MySpace will also be highlighted as members of society, including jurors, are increasingly open to sharing their thoughts and daily activities. A recent UK Ministry of Justice report indicates that jurors\' understanding of legal terminology is variable, and that jurors do use the Internet to look for information about their case (http://bit.ly/aNR4VJ). This presentation will consider whether science in legal proceedings will drive jurors to look for guidance on scientific terminology out with the courtroom, and whether jurors are indeed putting information on the internet regarding their own case or the deliberations that take place. (By: Michael Bromby and Dr Rhonda Wheate of Glasgow Caledonian University )
Modelling of Vocabulary Knowledge
Vocabulary size has been the primary focus of recent vocabulary research (see, e.g., Nation 2001; Webb 2008; Zimmerman 2004). However, size alone does not make the vocabulary available for use, which shows that vocabulary knowledge is more than meaning and form of a word. Depth of vocabulary knowledge is also an essential part of the learners\\\' language use (Read 2007; Ishii and Schmitt 2009). While size and depth are important indicators of a learner\\\'s vocabulary knowledge, they may not fully reflect the complex nature of vocabulary knowledge. Henriksen (1999) defined vocabulary knowledge as a three-dimensional construct, comprising: (1) the partial-to-precise dimension; (2) the depth dimension; and (3) the receptive-productive dimension. The paper intends to test Henriksen's three-dimensional model of vocabulary knowledge on 400 lower-intermediate Chinese learners of English. The results present an empirically evidenced model to describe vocabulary knowledge as a multi-dimensional construct, and identify efficient predictors from vocabulary knowledge aspects that explain the greatest amount of variance in participants' productive vocabulary use. Implications of the research findings are discussed from the perspectives of vocabulary teaching and learning. (By: Hua Zhong PhD Candidate, Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Sydney )
Elements of Window Display Design Reflecting Corporate Sale Strategies: A Case Study on Diversified
Long Description: Utilizing elements of window display design in the department store in Bangkok as a case study is the aim of this current paper. The paper seeks to elucidate the differentiation of design settings in terms of atmospheric tool namely colour, lighting, props, graphic, mannequins, etc., in attracting attention and conveying a merchandizing message to its target group applying "stimulus-organism-response" theory. The research is based on a hypothesis that the manipulation of window display design elements is able to convey the product positioning, value, and quality correctly. A set of 3D photographic stimuli with different design elements was created to be tested for cognitive and affective responses. Findings of the experiment are utilized to model the window display design principle. This model bases on multidisciplinary framework encompassing the relevant research from marketing, psychology and architecture. (By: Thitipann Kernsom: Ph.D. Candidate Bangkok, Thailand and Prof. Nopadon Sahachaisaeree: Urban and regional planning, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang Thailand )
Is Internet Access a Human Right? Linking Information and Communication Technology Development with
The wave of uprisings and protests in Arab nations during the past year, in part attributed to the use of social media and Internet access, have demonstrated the immense potential of information and communication technologies (ICTs) channeled for democracy. This paper argues that universal access to the global Internet is essential for the preservation of democracy and human rights and places the recent United Nations declaration that Internet access is a human right in the context of ongoing debates about the right to communicate. The concept of a right to communicate originates in the adoption of Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UHDR, 1948) and has evolved in the context of prevailing information and ICTs. In particular, the dimension of access to online content, including required infrastructure and ICTs, is addressed, underscoring "the unique and transformative nature of the Internet not only to enable individuals to exercise their right to freedom of opinion and expression, but also a range of other human rights, and to promote the progress of society as a whole" (United Nations, 16 May 2011, p.1). A basic right to communicate should also include access to developments such as the World Wide Web and emerging social media, as these are increasingly enabling active citizen participation (Winter & Wedemeyer, 2009). Envisioning participatory policy as grass-roots engagement, I address claims that modern ICTs can be employed to create public spaces for public discourse and a reinvigoration of democratic processes (e.g., the Internet as a platform for the "public sphere" as imagined by Habermas, 1991) and emphasize the need to link ICT development with human rights efforts worldwide. (By: Dr. Jenifer Sunrise Winter Assistant Professor, School of Communications, University of Hawaii at Manoa )
Impact of Climate Change on the Constructed Luminous Environment: An Evaluation for the Hospitals i
Most of the research on the impact of climate change and adaptation are focused on the changes in thermal constructed environment, for example, to identify the extent of overheating and thermal discomfort during summer time; however, little (if any) research has been done to identify the impact of climate change on indoor constructed luminous environment (i.e,. daylighting condition). This research focuses on the impact of climate change on indoor daylight level for a hospital building located at London, UK. Impact of climate change on daylight level inside in-patient rooms was analysed by prospective daylight simulation analysis. The DAYSIM, dynamic annual Climate-Based Daylight Modelling (CBDM) method, that uses RADIANCE (backward) raytracer combined with a daylight coefficient approach considering Perez all weather sky luminance model was used to generate annual illumination profile for case space, based on current and future Test Reference Years (TRYs)/ Design Summer Years (DSYs) hourly weather data sets developed by Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineering (CIBSE, 2008) during daylight calculation. The performance of the constructed luminous environment was compared under present and future climate change time slices (i.e., 2020s, 2050s and 2080s), with different levels of anthropogenic CO2 emissions scenarios (i.e., Low, Medium-Low, Medium- High and High). It was evident from the result of the simulation analysis that there is a possibility to increase the average indoor room illumination by maximum 5% in future (2080-2100) compared to present (1983-2004). Though the simulation study is based on a hospital in-patient room, it is likely that the changes in daylight level in future will be similar for other types of indoor facilities. It is expected that, the outcome of this research will help architects and designers to conceptualise the performance of present constructed luminous environment under future climate change scenarios. (By: Mr. Md. Ashikur Rahman Joarder: Postgraduate Student, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University and Prof. Andrew Price: Professor, Department of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University)
On the Wrong Side of the Law (War): Italian Civilian Internment in Australia during World War Two
During World War Two, more than three thousands Italian nationals living in Australians were interned as 'enemy aliens' as a preventative security measure, to placate growing public hysteria and boost community morale during wartime. Hundreds of military age Italian men in all Australian states were interned even some who were naturalized British subjects. In most cases, incarceration was primarily based on ethnicity, rather than political beliefs or danger to Australia, and the state in which they resided. Archival documents, oral histories of the last few surviving internees and other significant materials will showcase a number of case studies that give a glimpse into the lives of those who were on the wrong side of the law because of a war that didn't concern their lives in a new country. Their migrant journeys of resilience and survival amid adversity and ethnic discrimination could be those of any outsiders during periods of national crisis. This paper presents case studies as examples of how unwarranted incarceration impacted on the lives of Italian migrants and their families during World War Two in Australia. (By: Mia Spizzica, Postgraduate Research Student, The Australian Centre)
The Subculture Net: The Shift of Subcultures from the Street to the Internet
Within the fast moving media driven industrialised world, subcultures are starting to shift from the street and into cyberspace. This paper will argue that interviewing subcultural participants over the Internet is an important aspect of understanding the subculture as a whole. While observing and interviewing participants in the 'street' still has its place, accessing those that practice the persona on the Internet but not, or in addition to, in the physical world is vital to have a more in-depth understanding of why the subculture continues and how it is practiced. The way that these interviews are carried out is also important. Using a method such as Skype could, arguably, interfere with the discourse that has been created by the participant. Online, they may wish to limit the extent to which their identity is revealed for a reason and by interviewing them "face-to-face" the discourse is being disrupted. Instead, this paper will recommend using a method such as MSN, as it allows questions to be asked in real time without any disruption to the constructed persona. This paper will argue that using the Internet for interviews with tools such as MSN are important for gaining a sound understanding of modern day subcultures. (By: Clementine Hill PhD Student, Division of Education, Arts and Social Science)

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